On 20 June 1789, the Royal Tennis Court of Versailles played a major part in French history. From being a royal sports hall during the reign of Louis XIV, it became synonymous with the foundation of French democracy and will be forever linked to a key episode in the French Revolution.
Built in 1686 to meet the needs of the court of Versailles palace, the Royal Tennis court (royal tennis is the ancestor of tennis) was the scene of the Oath of June 20, 1789, which is when 578 deputies of the Estates General (which consisted of 1118) self-proclaimed themselves the National Assembly and swore not to break up before they had given France a constitution.
More Tennis Court Versailles images
Located in Woodford County Park (275 Beasley RD), the Tennis Courts are located at the end of the access road to the left and behind Falling Spring Center. There are 6 hard courts at this location, with a small pavilion, storage shed and a small parking lot that is shared by the Dog Park, Disc Golf Course and Cross Country Course.
On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (French: Serment du Jeu de Paume) in the tennis court which had been built in 1686 for the use of the Versailles palace. The vote was "not to separate and to reassemble wherever necessary until the Constitution of the kingdom is established".
One of the significant places of the French Revolution.
Finding themselves locked out of their usual meeting hall at Versailles on June 20 and thinking that the king was forcing them to disband, they moved to a nearby indoor tennis court ( salle du jeu de paume ). There they took an oath never to separate until a written constitution had been established for France.
In Versailles, France, the deputies of the Third Estate, which represent commoners and the lower clergy, meet on the Jeu de Paume, an indoor tennis court, in Live TV Shows
The Versailles tennis court where the oath was sworn, as it looks today. Historians have long mused over why the doors of the Menus-Plaisirs were locked. Some have suggested it was a deliberate royal tactic, an attempt to stop the Estates meeting before the séance royale. It was more likely to have accidental, a procedural order that assumed the Estates would not meet again until June 22nd (June 20th was a Saturday).